Integrating analysis and deliberation in watershed management planning (journal article)
Webler, T. and Tuler, S. 1999. Integrating Technical Analysis with Deliberation in Regional Watershed Management Planning: Applying the National Research Council Approach. Policy Studies Journal 27(3):530-543.

Publication Abstract

This paper suggests that applications of watershed management planning would benefit from a theoretical consideration of the policymaking process. A conceptual schema from the field of risk analysis proposes that policymaking be conceived of as a combination of two types of activities: analysis and deliberation. We argue that these concepts are relevant to watershed management planning and we illustrate how a process successfully might integrate both kinds of activities into an iterative, participatory process that is informed competently with relevant knowledge and that promotes learning.

Publication File